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Overview

Breasts are glandular organs and designed to produce milk. Each breast contains 15 to 20 segments, lobes, and ducts of each lobe open separately on the nipples. Breast cancer is a malignant proliferation of epithelial cells lining the ducts or lobules of the breast.

Epithelial malignancies of the breast are the most common cause of cancer in women.

It is a disease in which cells in the breast grow out of control. Different kinds of breast cancer depend on which cells in the breast turn into cancer.

Breast cancer can begin in different parts of the breast. Breast is made up of 3 main parts i.e. lobules, ducts, and connective tissue. The lobules are the glands that produce milk. The ducts are tubes that carry milk to the nipple. The connective tissue (fibrous and fatty tissue) surrounds and holds everything together. Most breast cancer begins in the ducts or lobules.

Breast cancer can spread outside the breast through blood vessels and lymph vessels. Uncontrolled growth of epithelial cells in the breast, the second most common cancer in women. They don’t cause pain or discomfort until they have spread to nearby tissues.

 Types

  1. Ductal Carcinoma in situ: It is the most common type of non-invasive breast cancer. This type of cancer has a higher survival rate, best detected with mammograms. Non-invasive means that it has spread beyond the ducts into surrounding breast tissue.
  2. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma: Starting in the ducts, it invades the fatty tissue of the breast. Invasive ductal carcinoma can be metastasized through the bloodstream and lymphatic system.
  3. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma: Second most common type of breast cancer, it can metastasize to the other parts of the body.
  4. Lobular carcinoma in situ: Risk of developing cancer, usually diagnosed before menopause.
  5. Paget’s disease of the nipple: Paget’s disease starts in the breast ducts, spread to the nipple surface, and areola. Nipple and areola often appear red and destruction, with bleeding and oozing.

Causes and Risk factors

  1. Age: The risk factor of breast cancer increases with age, extremely rare in those under 20 years, more risk in 35 to 60 years of age.
  2. Family History: Female carriers of mutation of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 tumor genes have a lifetime risk of developing cancer.
  3. Radiation Exposure: Women exposed to ionizing radiation of the chest, increased risk of developing breast cancer.
  4. Hormonal factors.
  5. Oral contraceptives or Hormonal replacement therapy.
  6. Benign Breast disease.
  7. Obesity and Dietary fat:
    1. Excess fat induces a higher risk than excess weight carried in the lower body.
    2. Consumption of alcohol.
    3. Smoking of tobacco.
    4. Dietary iodine deficiency.

Symptoms

  1. Lumps in Breast.
    • Breast cancer most commonly present as a lump feels different from the rest of the tissue. (More than 80% of cases are found when a person detects lump with fingertips)
    • Lumps found in lymph nodes are located in armpits.
  2. One breast becoming larger or lower.
  3. Shape changes.
  4. Nipple changing position.
  5. Discharge from the nipple.
  6. Skin color change.
  7. Shape changing or inverted.
  8. Swelling around the armpit.
  9. Constant pain in the breast and armpit.
  10. Constant pain in the breast and armpit.
  11. Hard stony breast.
  12. Redness around the nipple.
  13. Advanced stage symptoms.
    • Tingling, burning, and pain.
    • Discharge from the nipple.
  14. Common symptoms of stage 3 to 4.
    • Weight loss.
    • Loss of appetite.
    • Severe pain.
    • Discharge oozes out from the nipple.
    • Burning around the areola.
    • Redness or crusting of the skin like the skin of an orange.

If a woman finds a lump or other change in the breast, immediately make an appointment or visit Dr. Chhabra Healthcare.

Diagnosis

  1. Physical Examination: By using fingertips while examining the breast.
  2. Mammography: Breast can be diagnosed at an early and highly curable stage by the use of mammography with screening.
  3. Fine Needle Aspiration: Diagnostic technique of tumors and breast lesions. Palpable breast mass is trapped and a fine needle is inserted slowly into the mass. Specimens are placed on the slide for further investigation.
  4. Core Needle Biopsy: It provides material for histological evaluation. Core needle biopsy helps to distinguish between invasive or ductal carcinoma.
  5. Excisional Biopsy: It is the complete surgical removal of palpable breast lesions.
  6. Ultrasonography of Breast.

Preventions

It can be prevented by applying some good habits in daily routine life like:

  1. Medication:
    1. Selective estrogen receptors reduce the risk of breast cancer.
    2. Breast cancer prevention trials revealed that less than 49% reduction in breast cancer.
  2. Lifestyle:
    1. Women can reduce risk by maintaining a healthy weight.
    2. Reducing the usage of tobacco.
    3. Reduce alcohol.
    4. Increase physical activity.
    5. Breastfeeding.
  3. Health Tips:
    1. People shall eat vegetables, fruits, and legumes.
    2. A high intake of citrus fruit has a 10% reduction in the risk of breast cancer.
    3. Consumption of soya-based food reduces risk.
    4. Avoid exposure to radiation and environmental pollution.
    5. Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy.

Homeopathy treatment of Breast Cancer with Homeopathy

Homeopathic treatment for breast cancer is safe and most reliable for the mental and physical health of cancer patients.

With the help of our treatment, the immune system boosts up and it can prevent further deterioration of cancer.

Homeopathic medicines can be taken with other conventional treatments, homeopathy medicines can help in removing the side effects of other treatments like chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Homeopathy medicines relieve symptoms like redness, pain, lump as well as calmness of the patient’s mind and help in controlling the growth of cancer cells along with reducing the size of the lump.

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